The caveman diet menu, also known as Paleolithic diet or just Paleo diet, is a dietary mimicry of the hunter-gatherer diets of our ancestors. Typically, caveman diet menus are based on availing higher quantities of real and unprocessed food to the body. Neither special pills nor starvation requirements are included and priority is given to foods that prevent modern day problems like diabetes, heart disease and obesity.
Rationale for Caveman Diets
The most important components of Paleo diets are vegetables and fruits, potassium and fiber, and high vitamin content. The foremost rationale for this diet is that there has been little change in human physiology since the times of our hunter-gatherer ancestors. Therefore, present day humans are still well-adapted for the caveman diet menu. Secondly, diet has played a crucial role in the increasing numbers of lifestyle and affluence diseases such as diabetes and obesity, and eaters of caveman diets do not suffer from the conditions.
Thirdly, the dawn and progress of animal domestication, crop husbandry and industrialization has resulted in the availability of various foods for which the human body is not evolutionarily adapted to process. Furthermore, with the large amounts of information and tools at our disposal, we can understand and reproduce the diets that our hunter-gatherer ancestors ate.
Basic Principles of Reproducing a Caveman Diet Menu
Advocates of the caveman diet have argued that it was characterized by absence of dairy food, absence of salt, little quantities of cereal grains, and lean meat. Therefore, protein quantities in Paleo diets are usually around 19-35% because advocates of the diet argue that seafood, meat and various animal products were predominant in hunter-gatherer diets. Of the total daily calories in the caveman menus, around 35-45% is supplied by vegetables and non-starchy fresh fruits. While the Paleo diets contain moderate to high fat levels, only polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats and omega-3-fats are recommended. Omega-6-fats and trans fats are avoided.
Even though some caveman dieters do prefer raw to cooked food, many Paleo dieters cook food. Similarly, there is general aversion to coffee, alcoholic drinks, tea and other beverages among Paleo dieters, with water acting as the only popular drink. The dieters do not consume dairy products, legumes, refined vinegar, salt, processed oils and grains because they were rarely or never consumed by human ancestors before the agricultural revolution. Because of association of gluten with celiac disease and casein with glucose intolerance, many caveman dieters oppose the consumption of cereal grains and dairy products respectively.
Benefits of the Caveman Diet Menu
Every cell in the human body is made from a fine combination of saturated and unsaturated fats. For proper replication and function of the body cells, there should be a balance between the fats. Paleo diets balance and nourish the cells. Moreover, the proteins and fats included in the Paleo diets are highly rich in omega-3 fatty acids and, therefore, boost eye, heart, and brain function. Similarly, caveman diets contain massive quantities of animal flesh, which offers immense quantities of anabolic protein and help to build new cells and muscles. With better and bigger muscles, more energy is stored as glycogen in muscle cells and not as triglycerides in fat cells.
A caveman diet menu helps dieters to get better gut health. Instead of consuming man-made fats, sugar and processed junk that cause intestinal tract problems and inflammation, the Paleo diet offers foods that the gut is most prepared to handle. The Paleo foods are also easy to digest and absorb into the bloodstream. Besides, the diet comprises of high quantities of vegetables that supply the requisite minerals and vitamins to the body. Furthermore, there are minimal allergies associated with caveman diets as there are no dairy products and grains that are associated with intolerance and allergies.
Research has demonstrated that inflammation is a leading factor in cardiovascular disease. Interestingly, most of the foods included in caveman diets are anti-inflammatory and will minimize the risks of cardiovascular disease. For instance, lean meat from pasture-raised animals usually has better ratios of omega-3 to omega-6 fats. Omega-3 fats are anti-inflammatory just as the herbs and veggies of the Paleo diet are cardio-safe. In addition, caveman diets are also designed to reduce carbohydrate intake and boost weight loss. The diets also shrink fat cells and reduce the risks of diseases.